Margaret Floy Washburn was the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in psychology. She conducted her graduate studies with Edward B. Titchener and was his first graduate student.12 Like many women on this list, her work in psychology took place in a time when women were often denied positions in academia based on their gender. Despite this, she became a well-respected researcher, writer, and lecturer.
Her primary research interests were in the areas of animal cognition and basic physiological processes. She strongly influenced comparative psychology and developed a motor theory of cognition suggesting that the body’s movements had an influence on thought.